Every person is susceptible towards feeling anxious at one point or the other. However, if feelings of anxiety get out of hand, they can start interfering with daily functionality of a person. People who find themselves unable to function properly due to feelings of anxiousness are said to suffer from anxiety disorders. There are different types of anxiety disorders which is why there are also different sorts of treatments that involve the use of both cognitive behavioral therapy as well as medication.
Panic attacks are associated with intense feelings of anxiety that can occur without any warning and can lead to the incapacitation of a person. The feeling of anxiety can be the result of any type of trigger.
Lots of people tend to get uncontrollably anxious due to fear of certain types of situations or things. For instance people are afraid of heights or spiders.
Individuals who suffer from social anxiety are ones who are afraid of getting embarrassed due to any reason while being placed in a social environment.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
GAD is a mental illness that is found within individuals who suffer from anxiety all of the time without being able to specifically pinpoint the exact reason behind their condition.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
This disorder is related to thoughts or behavior that is repeated unnecessarily and without any reason.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
People who have had to face a severely stressful event in their lives often end up suffering from this order later on. The feelings of anxiety that they feel are a direct result of the trauma that they experienced.
Treatment for Anxiety Disorders
The psychological treatment for anxiety disorders primarily includes the use of CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Treatment) combined with medication.
On the other hand, CBT is primarily employed to allow people to face their fears in a controlled manner. Allowing them to face their fears and then find out ways to control them is one of the main reasons why CBT is considered to be the best treatment for anxiety due to specific types of phobias.
Also, medication is used for treating anxiety disorders when there is a chemical imbalance within the brain. The three chemicals present within the brain that control anxiety related responses are serotonin, norepinephrine as well as gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). The medication prescribed in this case can include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors which can regulate chemical imbalances.